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Chapter 18 Introduction to Personal NetWare

Personal NetWare Concepts

Components of Personal NetWare


This chapter explains the ideas and terms you will need to know in order to use Personal NetWare(TM) , the networking component of DR-DOS(TM).

Personal NetWare supplies you with server and client software that enables you to set up a network, and connect to a Novell(R) NetWare(R) server. You can choose whether to run your machine as a client, or client and server. You can also set it up as a peer-to-peer network, or as a server-based one, or combine the two approaches depending on what resources you need to share between which users.

Personal NetWare Concepts

Servers
Any computer with a hard disk, running DOS or MS Windows, and attached to the network may be set up as a Personal NetWare server. Any software or device on (or attached to) a server can be shared with other computers on the network. These shared resources include printers, space on the server's hard disk, applications, and CD-ROMs. All computers, including servers, can be used to run DOS and MS Windows programs, because the networking software runs unobtrusively in the background.

If there are NetWare servers on the same network, you can connect to them as well as connecting to a workgroup. The term ``shared directory,'' as used in this manual, includes ``NetWare volume.'' Also, the term ``shared printer'' includes NetWare print queues.

Workgroups
For convenience and security the network can be divided into workgroups, each containing one or more Personal NetWare servers. A workgroup consists of a number of users who require the same access to certain information. Rather than making a file or directory available to any user on the network, you can make it available to the members of a workgroup only.

Clients
A computer that uses the resources of servers is called a client. It makes logical connections, via the network software, to shared directories and printers. The terms ``connect'' and ``disconnect,'' as used in this manual, only refer to software connections, not physical (cable) attachments. Connecting to network directories and printers is called ``mapping'' and ``capturing'' respectively in Novell NetWare, but the term ``connect'' is used in this manual wherever possible.

User Accounts
Every user has an account in each workgroup of which they are a member. You connect to a workgroup, NetWare servers and/or a NetWare Directory Services(TM) tree by logging in. This involves typing your account's username and, if necessary, your password.

Each workgroup has a user called SUPERVISOR who has workgroup administrator privileges. Other users can be given workgroup administrator privileges as well, allowing them to create new user accounts and workgroups and perform other administrative functions.

A Personal NetWare server has an owner who can change the server's settings. Anyone else to whom the owner has granted the right (such as the SUPERVISOR) can also do this. Server settings include the rights of all or specific users to access each shared resource belonging to that server.

Figure 18-1 shows a network with a workgroup called ADMIN, whose members can use shared directories and printers on two Personal NetWare servers. The user called Ray also has an account on a NetWare server SERVER1, so he can use its volumes and printers as well as using those on RAY_PC and BILL_PC.

Members of workgroup ADMIN cannot use shared directories or printers in the workgroup ACCOUNTS unless they are members of ACCOUNTS. Even if you have accounts in two or more workgroups, you can only be logged in to one at a time.


Overall Structure of a Network

Sending Messages As well as sharing disks and printers, you can send short NetWare messages to other users who are logged in to the same workgroup or server. Messages appear on their screens immediately.

Sharing Resources
To share one of your disk drives or printers, enable the server software when you install Personal NetWare. Then, use SETUP
/FIRST or run the NET ADMIN program to specify which printers and or disk drives are to be shared and with whom. Often, you will not want to share an entire disk drive but only some of the subdirectories on it.

You give the server and each shared directory and printer a name. Tell the other users in your workgroup these names and what they may use them for. They do not need to know the DOS directory path or printer port number you are using, only the name you give them.

Connecting to the Network
Before you run an application that is to use shared drives or printers, you must do the following two things:

1. Log in to identify yourself and your workgroup.

2. Connect disk drive letters and printer port numbers to the shared drives and printers you want to use.

Each time you switch on or reboot your computer you must log in and connect by running the NET program. To automate the process, you can save your current connections in a batch file which will then run automatically every time you log in.

Components of Personal NetWare

Personal NetWare includes the following components:

A DOS TSR (SERVER.EXE) with support for up to 50 users per workgroup.

Installation programs for both DOS and MS Windows. There is also an upgrade program for NetWare Lite(TM) users.

Allows a single password for both Personal NetWare and NetWare 4.x servers. Access rights are compatible with NetWare 4.x but they are in a simpler format for Personal NetWare users.

DOS-based and icon-based (MS Windows) programs for network user tasks, such as drive mapping, that are common across all versions of NetWare including Personal NetWare and NetWare 2.x through 4.x.

DOS-based and icon-based (MS Windows) programs for network administration tasks that are common across all versions of NetWare including Personal NetWare and NetWare 2.x through 4.x.

A diagnostics program designed for network troubleshooting and planning.

An arcade-style network game for one to four players.



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