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Chapter 3 - Installing the Network
Preparing to Install the Network
For an introduction to networks, see ``What is
a Network?'' on page 1-2.
Personal NetWare(TM) comprises client and server software with which
you can set up a peer-to-peer network, and connect to an existing NetWare(R)
or IntranetWare network. You can set your computer up to act as a client, or client and
server. The client software allows you to connect to NetWare servers,
running NetWare versions 2, 3, 4, and IntranetWare and to a Personal NetWare
workgroup at the same time.
This chapter describes how to install the network software. It does
not cover how to install network cabling. The section
``Network Boards'' gives general
information about network boards; for detailed information, refer
to the documentation supplied with the network board.
To install the network, you must do the following:
- Each computer that is part of the network must have a network
board installed. The network board enables your computer to send
information to, and receive it from, other computers that are part of
the network. You also need to configure the network board.
- All the computers that are to be part of this network must be
linked together with special cables. There are several types of cable
you can use.
NOTE: If your computer is already part of a network, then cabling and the
network board are already in place, and you do not need to do the above.
- The cable used and the network board must be compatible. In some
cases, you need to use a connector to join the cable to the socket in the
- Decide which computers are to share resources, which computers
are to use resources only, and which resources are to be shared. You
might also want to ensure that usernames and resource names are
consistent, and unique.
- You must first configure Personal NetWare on a computer that is
to share resources. You can then configure it on other computers that
are to be part of the network.
NOTE: After you have installed Personal NetWare, and loaded the network on your
computer for the first time, you can use the program SETUP /FIRST to create
a simple network. The program lets you create or join a workgroup, create
an account with a username you specify during installation, and specify
which resources to share.
- Once the network hardware is in place, and you have installed
Personal NetWare, you must create accounts for network users, so that
they can use the shared resources, such as printers applications and
data files. You can set up user accounts and resources for the network
using the workgroup administration program, NET ADMIN.
When you install the network board, you must configure it. Configuring
the network board involves assigning particular values to certain settings
on the board. These settings allow the network board to communicate with
With some network boards, you must configure the board by setting switches
on the board manually, before you place it in the slot inside your computer.
Other boards have a software program that allows you to configure the board
after you have placed it inside your computer. Refer to the documentation
for the network board to see if you have to configure the board before or
after attaching it to your computer.
It is important that you keep a record of the settings you use to configure
the network board, because you might need to supply this information when
you configure Personal NetWare.
The settings for which you assign values are:
NOTE: If you specify an interrupt for the network board that is already being
used by another device, you can still install the network board, but the
network software will not run successfully.
The base input/output port is a channel used by the network board to
transfer information to the CPU. All hardware devices must use an I/O
port unique to each device. The following table shows the
and the devices that are most likely to use them. If your computer does
not have one of these devices, the interrupt given for the device in the
table might be available.
- The base memory address specifies the location in memory that the
network board uses to exchange information from your computer with other
computers on the network. It is also known as the RAM start address. Some
network boards do not use RAM; if your network board is one of these, you
do not need to specify a value for this setting.
- The base memory address often available for the network board is
D800 (sometimes written as D8000).
Personal NetWare Initial Configuration
Before you begin configuring Personal NetWare, if you are new to networks,
it is strongly recommended that you read
Chapter 18, ``Introduction to Personal NetWare,''
and Chapter 19, ``Planning Your Network.''
Decide which computers are to share resources. The first computer on which
you configure Personal NetWare must be a computer which you want to use to
To configure Personal NetWare, you must use the SETUP command. Unless you
disabled the network option when you installed the operating system,
INSTALL copied the network software to the directory C:\NWCLIENT, or the
directory you specified. If you did disable that option when you installed
the operating system, keep your installation diskettes close to hand, since
SETUP may require some of the files contained on these diskettes in order
to configure Personal NetWare.
When you configure the network software, your computer becomes a client for
the network, or you can choose to make the computer a server as well. Use
the following procedure to do both of these:
1. Move to the DRDOS directory, and at the system prompt, type
NOTE: To get online help in SETUP, press <F1>.
2. Choose the Networking option.
If the network files were not copied at installation time, SETUP detects
this and prompts you to insert the appropriate installation diskette.
The Network Client/Desktop Server Configuration screen displays.
3. Select the Primary Network Interface Card.
If your computer is already connected to a NetWare or NetWare Lite(TM)
network, SETUP detects the type of the network board used and displays the
name of the board in the Primary Network Interface Card field.
If SETUP cannot detect the type of network board used, view the list of
boards available. Choose one from the list, or if your board is not included
in this list, select the OEM supplied driver option. SETUP asks
you to supply a path name for the driver.
4. Select Share this computer's resources to allow the computer to
share its resources such as disk drives and printers.
If this is the first computer on which you are configuring Personal NetWare,
you must select this option. If you do not want to share the resources of
this computer, but to use resources provided by other computers, do not
select this option.
5. Select User of this computer and enter a name.
Personal NetWare uses the name you supply to generate a name for your
computer that identifies it to other computers on the network. It also uses
this name to generate names for the disk drives and printers that you want
to share, and to give a username to the account it creates. The maximum
length for this name is ten characters.
If you are unfamiliar with networks, press <Accept the above and
continue> to proceed with the configuration. You do not need to
follow the remaining steps in this procedure. Read the sections
``Personal NetWare Configuration Summary'' on
page 3-9 and ``After Configuring'' on page
3-10 to find out what to do next. If necessary, you can use SETUP to
change the default configuration for the network, after you have finished
the initial Personal NetWare configuration.
If you are familiar with networks, you can use the remaining options on
this screen to change the default configuration.
This is the interrupt request line that the network board uses to send a
signal to the CPU.
6. Press <Servers to connect to> to specify the types of
servers to which you want to connect your computer.
You can choose to connect to NetWare 2.x, 3.x and 4.x servers, and Personal
NetWare workgroups. To save memory, select only the types of servers that
are part of the network you use.
7. You can specify a preferred NetWare server, tree, or workgroup.
If you specify a preferred server, tree or workgroup, Personal NetWare
attempts to connect you to these when you load the network software.
8. Select the First Network Drive.
The first network drive is the drive used as a login drive. For example, if
you have A: and B: as diskette drives, and C: as the hard disk drive, you
could assign D: as the first network drive.
9. Press <Accept the above and continue> to return to the
10. Press <Network Management> to configure the network
management, if you use it.
If you use SNMP, select this option. The NMR Network Management module
is configured to load automatically; deselect this option if you do not
want to use it.
11. Press <Accept the above and continue> to save any changes
you have made and return to the main screen.
12. Select <Configure Primary Interface Card> to change the
configuration information for the network board.
The information in this screen varies according to the type of network
board you are using. SETUP displays the information supplied by the driver
for the network board which is specified in the .INS file. If the settings
displayed are not the same as the ones you used when you installed the
network board you must change these settings displayed in SETUP.
For example, the following fields are displayed if you have an NE2000
This is the input/output port used by the network board to transfer
information to the CPU.
This is the base memory address that specifies the location in memory used
by the network board to exchange information with other computers on the
This is a means of identifying the board in your machine. The node address
is unique to the board in your computer and is optional on Ethernet
Information is sent across a network in packets, and the Media Frame
Type tells the network drivers what type of header to use for the packets.
If you use NetWare 3.11 or earlier versions, make sure the media frame
type 802.3 is specified. If you use NetWare 3.12 or later versions, make
sure the media frame type 802.2 is specified.
13. Press <Accept the above and continue> to save the
changes you have made and return to the main screen.
Once you have made all the configuration changes, press <Accept
the above and continue> and then <Start
Installation> to complete the process.
NOTE: If your computer is already part of a NetWare 2.x, 3.x or 4.x network,
the driver and client software already exist on your machine, but SETUP
replaces them with the versions supplied with this operating system.
SETUP places a request in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file (or AUTODOS7.BAt file
if Windows 95 is also installed on your computer) to run a file called
STARTNET.BAT. When you reboot your computer, the request to run STARTNET.BAT
lets you choose whether or not to load the network. If you do not load
the network when you reboot, you can load it later by running
Read the following sections ``Personal NetWare
Configuration Summary'' and ``After
Configuring'' on page 3-10 to see what to do next.
Personal NetWare Configuration Summary
The following is a summary of what the SETUP program does as it configures
When the initial configuration is complete, quit SETUP and restart your
computer. Answer Y to the prompt Load Network Software to load
Personal NetWare. The SETUP /FIRST command in STARTNET.BAT runs
the SETUP program so that you can
SETUP /FIRST displays a welcome screen which describes what the program
does; choose to continue or to exit from SETUP /FIRST. If you do not use
SETUP /FIRST, a user with workgroup administrator privileges must
run the workgroup administration program, NET ADMIN, to create a workgroup,
place the server in a workgroup, create accounts and specify the shared
resources. The procedures for setting up the network with NET ADMIN are
described in Chapter 20, ``Setting Up the
NOTE: You cannot use SETUP /FIRST on a computer that does not share resources
until you have run it on one that does share resources.
When you use SETUP /FIRST on these computers, select the existing workgroup
name instead of typing in a workgroup name. You can also use NET ADMIN to
do the above.
SETUP /FIRST prompts you to enter a name for the workgroup. If you are
using the first computer on which you have configured Personal NetWare,
you must specify a name for the workgroup. Press <Accept the above
and continue>. The next screen lets you specify which of the
available resources you want to share. The default resources to share
are all the hard disk drives on the computer, and the first parallel
printer port. Change these, if necessary, and then press <Accept
the above and continue>.
When you create a workgroup, an account called the SUPERVISOR account is
created. This account has workgroup administrator privileges.
There is only one SUPERVISOR account in each workgroup.
When you use SETUP /FIRST on computers that share resources, and later on
computers that simply use resources, you also create an account for yourself
in the workgroup. This account is given a username that is the same as the
name you entered in the User of this computer option during
To exit SETUP /FIRST, press <Save Changes and Exit>. You
are then logged in to the workgroup using the account created by
/FIRST. This account has the username specified during configuration, and
the account has workgroup administrator privileges.
WARNING: Any account that has workgroup administrator privileges must be given a
password to prevent use of the account by anyone other than the proper
After you have configured Personal NetWare on the other computers that
share resources, you can use SETUP /FIRST to
After you have configured Personal NetWare on computers that are not going
to share resources, you can use SETUP /FIRST to create an account in the
workgroup for each user, using the name specified during configuration.
If you run SETUP /FIRST as described above, the following are true:
You now have a simple network set up. You may find that this network is
sufficient for your needs. If so, then refer to the sections
``Managing Servers'' on page 20-14,''
``Sharing Directories'' on page 20-24,'' and
``Sharing Printers'' on page 20-32'' to learn
how to set these up for use.
If you want to create more accounts in the workgroup, or do not want every
user to have workgroup administrator privileges, refer to
``Creating and Modifying User Accounts'' on
page 20-6. If you are concerned about security, read
Chapter 14, ``Securing Information.''
If your computer does not share resources, then refer to
Chapter 21, ``Using the Network'' so you
can make the best use of the resources available. It is also a good idea
to set a password on your account as soon as possible; refer to the
section ``Changing Your Password'' on
In order to transfer these resources, you must have
Upgrading from NetWare Lite
If you already use NetWare Lite, there is a program, NLMIGRAT, provided
with this operating system so that you can easily move from NetWare Lite
to Personal NetWare.
Using NLMIGRAT transfers the following components of your NetWare Lite
network to Personal NetWare:
Configured Personal NetWare and chosen to share the resources on a computer
that is also a NetWare Lite server before configuring Personal NetWare on
any other computer.
Created a workgroup for the Personal NetWare server using
or NET ADMIN.
Logged in to the workgroup using the SUPERVISOR account.
Once you have configured Personal NetWare on the first computer that shares
resources and run SETUP /FIRST, there are two accounts available in the
workgroup; a user account and the SUPERVISOR account. The SUPERVISOR
account gives you sufficient administrative rights to transfer all the
NetWare Lite resources.
To run this program, at the system prompt, type
The program transfers the NetWare Lite components in the following order:
After you have transferred the NetWare Lite components to Personal NetWare,
restart your computer, and load the new network.
The upgrade program cannot move the NetWare Lite user passwords because the
passwords are encrypted. Once you have loaded Personal NetWare, you must
reset each user password. Refer to ``Creating and
Modifying User Accounts'' on page 20-6, to learn how to set passwords.
If all the NetWare Lite resources are not transferred, it might be because
the account you used does not have the correct administrative rights. The
administrative rights and the NetWare Lite resources you can transfer with
those rights are shown as follows:
The SUPERVISOR account always has workgroup administrator privileges, and
is also the server owner unless another account has been designated the
server owner. Use NET ADMIN (the workgroup administration program) to change
the level of administrative rights for an account. NET ADMIN is described
in Chapter 20, ``Setting Up the Network.''
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